Bureau of Indian Affairs Schools Records

Source: NARA.gov
Source: NARA.gov

The National Archives and Record Administration has the records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, which operated schools for American Indians. The archival holdings are listed at: http://www.archives.gov/research/native-americans/bia-guide/schools.html. The federal government started making education policy for American Indians as early as 1819 with the Indian Civilization Act, which authorized funds to be granted to religious and private groups to school American Indians. (On the boarding schools, see here.) Eventually, the U.S. government itself via the Department of the Interior’s BIA began operating its own schools.



Recommended Books On Federal Education Policy History

Have suggested titles? Please e-mail me at: kevinrkosar [at] gmail.com !

Gareth Davies See Government Grow

Francis Adams, The Free School System of the United States (London, 1875)

David L. Angus and Jeffrey E. Mirel, The Failed Promise of the American High School, 1890-1995 (New York: Teachers College Press, April 1999)

David K. Cohen and Susan L. Moffit, The Ordeal of Equality: Did Federal Regulation Fix the Schools? (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009)

Gareth Davies, See Government Grow: Education Politics from Johnson to Reagan (University of Kansas Press, 2007)

Continue reading “Recommended Books On Federal Education Policy History”

Failing Grades: The Federal Politics of Education

Failing Grades The Federal Politics of Education Standards

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Summary. Presidents from both parties, supported by parents, teachers, and civic leaders have tried and generally failed to increase student achievement through federal policy-making.  Supposedly path-breaking legislation to “leave no child behind” has hardly made a dent in the problem.

What is going on?  Kevin R. Kosar delves into the political maneuvering behind the crafting of federal Continue reading “Failing Grades: The Federal Politics of Education”

Ronald Reagan and Education Policy

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Ronald Reagan entered the presidency promising to return K-12 education policy back to states and localities.  Ironically, Reagan ended up both expanding and legitimizing the federal role in schooling.

How did this happen?
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National Education Goals Panel, National Education Goals Report: Building a Nation of Learners 1994

Until now, this report was unavailable online. ERIC does not have it; nor does the NEGP archive.

So here it is—the only digitized copy online so far as I can discern.

As noted elsewhere on this blog, the National Education Goals Panel was a major payer in federal education policy in the 1990s. It moved the policy conversation to center on accountability, standards, and testing. Read here to to learn where to get free copies of the other NEGP reports.

House Republican Research Committee, Ideas for Tomorrow, Choices for Today (1985)

The full title of this document is Ideas for Tomorrow, Choices for Today: Policy of the Committee on the First One Hundred Days.

This document is posted here on the Federal Education Policy History website because it includes an entry on education that expresses the perspective of many Republicans of the time. Page 20 speaks of education as “an investment in a healthy democracy and a growing economy.” It also makes a case for “tuition tax credits” to help families choose “independent” (i.e., private) schools, which provide “diversity and competition” (for public schools).

As the address on the rear of the booklet indicates, this is no private sector, think tank document. The House Republican Research Committee published this document, which was authored by the Committee on the First Hundred Days. These aforementioned groups are what as known as “congressional member organizations.”  This document is, as page 63 notes, what House Republican leaders were presenting as “a set of policy alternatives for the 99th Congress and beyond.”

You can read the entire document in the window below. To view it a larger window, click here.